In recent incidents in the current months we have been hearing a lot about C.B.I and N.C.B. How many of us know about C.B.I or N.C.B? How many of us know about its role? How many of us know its powers and function? How many of us know its Importance? We must firstly understand the C.B.I and various others agency and the crucial role in maintaining law and order in our country. Let us understand its functions its contribution as a stakeholder in maintaining law and order in our country.
What is the Central Bureau of Investigation?
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), functioning under Department of Personnel, Ministry of Personnel, Pension & Public Grievances, Government of India, is the premier investigating police agency in India. It is an elite force playing a major role in preservation of values in public life and in ensuring the health of the national economy.  It is also the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigation on behalf of Interpol Member countries. 
The Central Bureau of Investigation is known for its rectitude and Uprightness. The Primary role of Central Bureau of Investigation is to aid and enable fair investigation in all major investigation matters in the country. The central Bureau of Investigation Primarily deals with three major aspects the three major areas which Central bureau of Investigation deals with are -:
- Economic Crimes
- Special Crimes.
‘Industry, Impartiality and Integrity’ is the Motto of the C.B.I.
Let’s understand the three areas in which Central Bureau of investigation works?
Economic Crimes -: Economic crimes basically means crimes such as money laundering and various financial crimes. Crimes and violations of Import and exchange also come in the category of financial crimes.
Anti-Corruption -: The Central Bureau of Investigation does look into matters involving Corruption by public servants. All the major cases of corruption is looked into by the Central Bureau of Investigation.
Special Crimes -: Special Crimes include cases which involve homicide, kidnapping, bomb blast and cases of terrorism. Central bureau of Investigation does look into cases of terrorism and bomb blast.
Composition of Central bureau of Investigation
The powers of the Central Bureau of Investigation are derived from Delhi Special Police establishment Act 1946.
A director is appointed who the heads the Central Bureau of Investigation from the top. The tenure of the director of Central Bureau of Investigation is for a period of two years.
The Delhi Police Establishment Act 1946 enables a committee which would be responsible for selection of the director of Central Bureau of Investigation.
The committee is chaired by the Prime minister along with prime minister the committee also consists of leader of opposition and Chief justice of India.
Organisation of Central Bureau of Investigation
The Organisation of Central Bureau of Investigation consists of following divisions -:
Economic Offences Division
Special Crimes Division
Directorate of Prosecution
Central Forensic Laboratory
These are the some of the divisions of Central Bureau of Investigation.
What are the functions of Central bureau of Investigation?
- Law and order does come under state list however there are certain major functions which come under the Central Bureau of Investigation that are -:
- Following would be the issues in which Central Bureau of Investigation shall investigate -:
- Issues which are against the central government & affairs of central government
- Issues of central government which involve financial aspects
- Issues which involve breach of law in which government of India is a stakeholder
- Major issues of fraud, cheating, embezzlement and the like relating to companies.
- This article has given an in depth basic, factual analysis of the mandate of Central Bureau of Investigation. The Central Bureau of Investigation does play a very pivotal role in ensuring delivery of Justice.
Disclaimer-: Please note this is purely informative article and is solely for information purpose. This article does not have any opinions.
 -National Portal of India. (n.d.). Retrieved September 16, 2020, from https://www.india.gov.in/topics/governance-administration/state-legislature.